KS4 Curriculum Guide - Year 10 Biology
Term 1B4 Bioenergetics 
In this section we will explore how plants harness the Sun’s energy in photosynthesis in order to make food. This process liberates oxygen which has built up over millions of years in the Earth’s atmosphere. Both animals and plants use this oxygen to oxidise food in a process called aerobic respiration which transfers the energy that the organism needs to perform its functions. Conversely, anaerobic respiration does not require oxygen to transfer energy. During vigorous exercise the human body is unable to supply the cells with sufficient oxygen and it switches to anaerobic respiration. This process will supply energy but also causes the build-up of lactic acid in muscles which causes fatigue.
Assessment: There will be an mid term written or practical task that will be peer or self assessed plus an end of term assessment using past exam questions to be completed under exam conditions and assessed by the teacher.Key Words and Terms
 
Term 2B5 Homeostasis and response  
Students will consider the fact that cells in the body can only survive within narrow limits. They require a constant temperature, pH and a constant supply of dissolved food and water. In this section we will explore the nervous system and how it can bring about fast responses. We will also explore the hormonal system which usually brings about much slower changes. Hormonal coordination is particularly important in reproduction since it controls the menstrual cycle. An understanding of the role of hormones in reproduction has allowed scientists to develop not only contraceptive drugs but also drugs which can increase fertility.
Assessment: There will be an mid term written or practical task that will be peer or self assessed plus an end of term assessment using past exam questions to be completed under exam conditions and assessed by the teacher.Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3B6 Inheritance, variation & evolution  
We will discover how meiosis produces unique offspring, how gene mutations occur continuously and on rare occasions can affect the functioning of organisms both positively and negatively. We will investigate cloning and genetic engineering.
Assessment: There will be an mid term written or practical task that will be peer or self assessed plus an end of term assessment using past exam questions to be completed under exam conditions and assessed by the teacher.Key Words and Terms
 
Term 4B6 Classification & B7 Ecology  
In Classification we will learn how living organisms have been classified into groups and the history behind the systems. We will understand that Evolutionary trees are a method used by scientists to show how they believe organisms are related. In Ecology the Sun is a source of energy that passes through ecosystems. Materials including carbon and water are continually recycled by the living world, being released through respiration of animals, plants and decomposing microorganisms and taken up by plants in photosynthesis. All species live in ecosystems composed of complex communities of animals and plants dependent on each other and that are adapted to particular conditions, both abiotic and biotic. These ecosystems provide essential services that support human life and continued development. In order to continue to benefit from these services humans need to engage with the environment in a sustainable way. In this section we will explore how humans are threatening biodiversity as well as the natural sys
Assessment: There will be an mid term written or practical task that will be peer or self assessed plus an end of term assessment using past exam questions to be completed under exam conditions and assessed by the teacher.Key Words and Terms
 
Term 5Revision 
Pupils will review all learning from Year 9 and 10 in science to complete their end of year exams. This will entail a lot of intensive revision time and personal analysis before returning in Year 11.
Assessment: The 3 exams will be a set of past exam questions with around 100 marks available in each paper at either a Higher or a Foundation level. They should aim to answer one mark per minute. The questions will be a mixture of short answer and long answer questions, each worth 1-6 marks. Pupils we be expected to recall knowledge, describe and explain theories, complete calculations using memorised equations and apply their understanding to previously unknown data or scenarios.Key Words and Terms
 
Term 6End of Year Exam and Required Practical Skills   
Completion of End of Year Exam. After this it will be a chance to complete any Required Practicals that they need to complete. See Chemistry for keywords for this term.
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 

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