##### KS4 Curriculum Guide - Year 10 Maths (Foundation)
Term 1Expressions, Trigonometry & Angles
Terms and expressions. Simplifying expressions . Rules of indices. Expanding and factorising into single brackets. Trigonometric ratios. Use trigonometric ratios to find missing angles and lengths in right-angled triangles and solve problems. Angles and parallel lines. Angles in triangles and quadrilaterals. Congruence and similar shapes. Angles in polygons.
Assessment: Test on: Expressions, Calculations & AnglesKey Words and Terms

Term 2Data Handling, Fractions, Decimals & Percentages
Sampling and data collection. Organising data. Representing data: two-way tables, frequency tables, stem and leaf diagrams, pictograms, bar charts, frequency trees. Averages and the range. Grouped frequency tables and estimating the mean from a grouped frequency table. Scatter graphs and correlation. Fractions, decimals and percentages. Calculations with fractions. Converting between fractions, decimals and percentages.
Assessment: Test on: T1 topics and Data Handling, Fractions, Decimals and PercentagesKey Words and Terms

Term 3Formulae & functions & working in 2D
Substituting into formulae, using standard formulae and rearranging formulae. Equations, identities and functions. Expanding and factorising double brackets. Measuring lengths and angles. Bearings Area of 2D shapes: rectangle, triangle, parallelogram, trapezium, compound shapes. Transformations: rotations, reflections, enlargements and translations.
Assessment: Test on: T1 and T2 topics. Formulae & functions & Working in 2DKey Words and Terms

Term 4Probability, Measures & Accuracy, Compound Measures
Probability experiments, expected outcomes and relative frequency. Theoretical probability. Mutually exclusive events. Estimating calculations. Using a calculator. Metric units. Limits of accuracy: error intervals and upper and lower bounds. Students will calculate measures of speed, distance, time, density, mass and volume.
Assessment: Test on: All material covered in this term and previous terms 1 Non-Calculator paper and 1 Calculator paperKey Words and Terms

Term 5Solving equations & Inequalities, Ratio & Proportion, Factors and multiples, Circles
Solving linear equations with brackets and/or fractions. Solving quadratic equations algebraically and by factorising. Simultaneous equations. Proportion and ratio. Scales and scale diagrams. Percentage change. Factors and multiples, including HCF/LCM. Product of prime factors Parts of a circle. The area and circumference of a circle.
Assessment: Test on: T1, T2, T3 and T4 topics and Equations & inequalities, Ratio & proportion, Factors and multiples, and CirclesKey Words and Terms

Term 6Exams, Powers and roots, Further Circles, Constructions & Loci
Circles: calculating arc length and the area of a sector Calculations involving powers and roots Standard ruler and compass constructions: perpendicular bisector, angle bisector, constructing triangles Solving problems using loci
Assessment: Test on: All material covered throughout Year 10 1 Calculator paper and 1 non-calculator paperKey Words and Terms