Key Words and Meanings - Year 8 English
  • Modern Novel
    EmphasisSpecial importance, value, or prominence given to something. 
    HyperboleExaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally 
    ContextThe circumstances or historical period that form the setting for an event. 
    AuthorThe writer of a book. 
    InferenceA conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning. 
    IronyThe expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. 
    NovelA fictional prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some level of reality. 
    GenreA style or category of art, music, or literature. 
    PunctuationThe marks such as full stop, comma, and brackets, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning. 
  • Survival
    TechniqueMethod of completing a task. 
    StructureThe arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex. 
    JuxtapositionTwo things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect. 
    PerspectivePoint of view. 
    SurvivalThe state or fact of continuing to live or exist, typically in spite of an accident, ordeal, or difficult circumstances. 
    ExperiencesEvents or occurrences which leave an impression on someone. 
    ExtremeReaching a high or the highest degree; very great. 
    PersecutionHostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs. 
    ChronologicalA record of events following the order in which they occurred. 
    ImaginativeHaving or showing creativity or inventiveness. 
  • Shakespeare Play
    Dramatic IronyA literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character's words or actions is clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character. 
    Shakespeare1564–1616, English poet and dramatist. 
    HierarchyRanking society in order of power and authority. 
    RevengeThe action of hurting or harming someone in return for an injury or wrong suffered at their hands. 
    AuthorityThe power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. 
    WisdomThe quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgement. 
    Iambic PentameterA line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity. 
    TempestA storm at sea. 
    AdoA fuss about something. 
  • Gothic Literature
    SupernaturalDeparting from what is usual or normal especially so as to appear to transcend the laws of nature. 
    GothicRelating to a style of literature characterised by a gloomy setting and grotesque or mysterious events. 
    HorrorAn overwhelming and painful feeling caused by something frightfully shocking, terrifying, or revolting; a shuddering fear. 
    FearA distressing emotion aroused by impending danger, evil, pain, etc. whether the threat is real or imagined; the feeling or condition of being afraid. 
    JuxtapositionTwo things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect. 
    Pathetic FallacyPathetic fallacy is a kind of personification that gives human emotions to inanimate objects of nature for example referring to weather features reflecting a mood. Personification, on the other hand, is a broader term. It gives human attributes to abstrac 
    ForeshadowingBe a warning or indication of (a future event). 
    StructureThe arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex e.g. a whole text. 
    TensionA heightened or strained mental or emotional state. 
    ConventionA way in which something is usually done. 
  • War Poetry
    StanzaAn arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem. 
    MetaphorWhen one thing is used to represent another e.g. the eyes of the car. 
    SonnetA 14 line poem, traditionally exploring ideas about love 
    PersonaA voice or character that is created by the poet. 
    Historical contextThe events taking place at the time that the text was written or set. 
    ToneThe mood evoked by the poet, through specific use of language and structure. 
    EnjambmentThe continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza. 
    CoupletA pair of rhyming lines. 
    SpeakerThe voice we hear narrating the poem. 
    PropagandaInformation, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.