|Einsatzgruppen ||German name for the SS killing squads. They rounded up Jews and other “inferior people” in the conquered territories, forced their victims to dig their own graves, into which they were shot and left. At least one million Jews were killed by them. |
|Bystander||One who is present at an event or who knows about its occurrence and chooses to ignore it. That is, he or she neither participates in, nor responds to it.
|Auschwitz||Usually refers to Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration camp, located 37 miles west of Kracow, Poland. Established in 1940, it became a huge camp complex that included a killing centre and slave labor camps.
|Dehumanisation||Dehumanisation reduces the target group to objects therefore no longer human and worthy of human rights or dignity. This was done by identifying people by numbers. |
|Aryan||Nazis used it to mean “superior race,” described as white, tall, athletic, with blond hair and blue eyes. |
|Antisemitism||Prejudice towards, or discrimination against, Jews. |
|Death Camps||Also called “extermination camps,” these were concentration camps created for the sole purpose of killing people. Victims were murdered in assembly-line fashion oftentimes in gas chambers, and their bodies burned in open fields or crematorium. |
|Conflict||A serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one. |
|Final Solution ||Euphemism adopted at Wannsee Conference (January 1942), refers to “the final solution to the Jewish question in Europe.” This was the Nazi code for the murder of all European Jews. |
|Gestapo||The Nazi Secret State Police, who had absolute power and could arrest without a warrant. |
|Wannsee Conference||A gathering of top Nazi officials held on January 20, 1942 at Lake Wannsee
(vahn zey) in Berlin where “The Final Solution” and other steps were approved which would lead to the total annihilation of European Jews. |
|Swastika||An ancient Eastern symbol adopted by the Nazis as their emblem.
|Totalitarianism ||A government or doctrine in which one political party or political group maintains complete control of a population even to the intimate, private details of an individual’s life such as one’s friendships |
|Third Reich ||“Reich” is German for “empire.” The Third Reich is the official name of the Nazi regime. |
|Survivor ||One who experienced a devastating event, like the Holocaust, and lived. |