Key Words and Meanings - Year 9 Drama
  • Lizzie Borden - an introduction to GCSE
    CharacterisationThe way the author paints a picture of what a certain character is like. Details of characterisation might include descriptions of what a certain character wears, looks like, does, speaks like, smells like, walks like, eats, where he/she lives. 
    ExpressionThe action of making known one's thoughts or feelings. 
    Mark the MomentMarking the Moment is a dramatic technique used to highlight a key moment in a scene or improvisation. This can be done in a number of different ways: for example through slow-motion, a freeze-frame, narration, thought-tracking or music. 
    Freeze FrameA single frame forming a motionless image from a film or videotape. 
    Slow MotionThe action of showing film or playing back video more slowly than it was made or recorded, so that the action appears much slower than in real life. 
    Hot SeatingHot seating is where people take on the role of characters from a story and other people ask them questions. The characters have to answer the questions in as much detail as possible. 
    StructureThe arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex. 
    Stylised PerformanceTo represent in or make conform to a particular style, especially when highly conventionalised or artistic rather than naturalistic. 
  • Mask Work
    ArchetypesA very typical example of a certain person or thing. 
    IllusionA deceptive appearance or impression. 
    The FoolA person who acts unwisely or imprudently; a silly person. 
    The TricksterA person who cheats or deceives people. 
    The HeroA person, typically a man, who is admired for their courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities. 
    Purposeful MovementThe act or an instance of moving; a change in place or position. 
    AtmosphereThe pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work. 
    SubtletiesSmall details of character or movement. 
    DirectionThe management or guidance of someone or something. 
    ClockingNotice or watch 
  • Script Work (Stanislavski technique)
    Inner JustificationAll action on the stage must have an inner justification, be logical, coherent and real. 
    Vocal ExpressionPitch, volume, speed, accent and articulation of speech. 
    Bodily ExpressionUse of gesture and movement to convey messages. 
    Logical MovementMovement that is natural and makes sense. 
    CoherentLogical and consistent. 
    Moscow Arts TheatreA theatre company in Moscow that the seminal Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski, together with the playwright and director Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, founded in 1898. It was conceived as a venue for naturalistic theatre, in contrast  
    'The System'Stanislavski's system is a progression of techniques used to train actors and actresses to draw believable emotions to their performances. 
    ImaginationThe faculty or action of forming new ideas, or images or concepts of external objects not present to the senses. 
  • Shakespeare in Performance
    Iambic PentameterA line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity. 
    ProseWritten or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure; continuous text. 
    RhythmHe measured flow of words and phrases in verse or prose as determined by the relation of long and short or stressed and unstressed syllables. 
    CharacterAn actor's part. 
    StoryA tale. 
    TragedyA play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, especially one concerning the downfall of the main character. 
    Historical ContextThe time that something is written or happened will influence it. 
    InfluenceImpact; have an effect upon. 
    StagingThe method of presenting a play or other dramatic performance. 
    LightingThe arrangement or effect of lights. 
    DirectionCourse of travel; to be in charge of actors. 
  • Symbolism and Abstract Performance
    ComplexComplicated; intricate; detailed; not simple. 
    MetaphorWhen one thing is used to represent another e.g. the eyes of the car. 
    ColourfulFilled with colour. 
    PurityInnocence; naturalistic. 
    VisionSight; focus; long term plan. 
    ObservationTo watch closely for detail and performance. 
    AbstractionThe quality of dealing with ideas rather than events. 
    ImageVisual stimulus. 
    RealityThe state of things as they actually exist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of them. 
    EffectEmotional impact. 
  • Devising and Design
    TextThe written word. 
    StimuliA thing that arouses activity or energy in someone or something; a spur or incentive. 
    ProseWritten or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure; continuous text. 
    PoetryLiterary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm; poems collectively or as a genre of literature. 
    MusicVocal or instrumental sounds (or both) combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion. 
    VisualRelating to vision and what can be seen. 
    PhotographA picture made using a camera, in which an image is focused on to light-sensitive material and then made visible and permanent by chemical treatment, or stored digitally. 
    ArtefactAn object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest. 
    PaintingThe action or skill of using paint, either in a picture or as decoration. 
    SculptureThe art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster. 
    ReactionSomething done, felt, or thought in response to a situation or event. 

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