Key Words and Meanings - Year 9 PSHCE
  • Substance abuse
    InfluenceTo have control or power over how others act, think or behave. To contribute to the thoughts and ideas of others. 
    DrugA medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body 
    County linesWhen drug gangs from big cities expand their operations to smaller towns, often using violence to drive out local dealers and exploiting children and vulnerable people to sell drugs 
    Child sexual exploitationWhen a child or young person is exploited they're given things, like gifts, drugs, money, status and affection, in exchange for performing sexual activities. 
    Child criminal exploitationWhere gangs target vulnerable children to get them to carry out criminal activity. 
    Prescription drugA drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed. 
    AddictionA compulsive need for a substance such as alcohol or drugs 
  • Mental Health - Grief/Loss
    GriefSadness and loss following the death or loss of a loved one. 
    ImpactThe affect that something happening has on someone. 
    CondolenceExpressing your sorrow for someone who has experienced loss. 
    EmpathyPutting yourself in someone else's shoes to feel their emotions. 
    SympathyFeeling for someone who has experienced something negative. 
  • Careers
    UniversityA high-level educational institution in which students study for degrees and academic research is done. 
    SkillThe ability to do something well. 
    QualityA distinctive attribute or characteristic a person has. 
  • Modern Society
    Ethnic DiversityPeople of different ethnic backgrounds, races, religions living in the same place. 
    Multi culturalPeople of different cultures living in the same place. 
    Community cohesionPeople from the same community/are coming together to get things done peaceably no matter what their ethnic or cultural background. 
    Street CrimeStreet crime is a loose term for any criminal offense in a public place. According to London's Metropolitan Police Force, Robbery, often called 'mugging', and thefts from victims in the street where their property is snatched and the victim is not assault 
    Hate crimeA crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically one involving violence. 
  • Prejudice and Discrimination
    PrejudicePreconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience. 
    DiscriminationThe unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex. 
    Hate crimeA crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically one involving violence. 
    IntoleranceUnwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behaviour that differ from one's own. 
    CohesionThe action or fact of forming a united whole. 
  • RSE: Sexual Consent
    ConsentGiving your permission for something to happen. 
    CoercionThe action or practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats. 
    ManipulationControlling someone or something to your own advantage, often unfairly or dishonestly. 
    ControlHaving power over someone or something. 
    Emotional blackmailThe act of using a person's feelings of kindness, sympathy, or duty in order to persuade them to do something or feel something 

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