Key Words and Meanings - Year 7 English
  • Once
    NaziA member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, which controlled Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler and advocated totalitarian government, territorial expansion, anti-Semitism, and Aryan supremacy, all these leading directly to World W 
    HolocaustDestruction or slaughter on a mass scale, especially caused by fire or nuclear war. 
    SymbolismThe use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 
    Narrative VoiceThe speaker. The story teller. 
    PrejudicePreconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience. 
    StructureThe arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex. 
    EmpathyTo be able to put yourself in someone's shoes and experience their feelings. 
    ExplanationTo give information regarding how something works or why something happened the way it did. 
    AnalysisTo look closely at something, to take it apart and look at how it is made up. 
    LanguageThe choice of words writers use to get their message across. 
  • The Craft of the Writer
    EngageTo demand and maintain the attention and interest of the reader. 
    Rhetorical QuestionA question asked for emphasis and to encourage the reader to think. 
    TensionA heightened or strained mental or emotional state. 
    EmotiveArousing or able to arouse intense feeling. 
    ExtractA short passage taken from a text, film, or piece of music. 
    CraftSkills involved in carrying out one's work. 
    DescriptionA spoken or written account of a person, object, or event. 
    ContrastingComparing in such a way as to emphasize differences. 
    AnecdoteA short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person. 
    FestiveRelating to a festival, especially Christmas. 
  • Fantasy Fiction
    CreatureAny large or living thing that can move independently. 
    LegendA traditional story sometimes popularly regarded as historical but not authenticated. 
    ConventionA way in which something is usually done. 
    FantasyA genre of fiction set in an unreal universe or world. Often it includes some events or locations from the real world. 
    MoralA lesson that can be derived from a story or experience. 
    EvaluateMake a judgment, one that most likely results from some degree of analysis. 
    SettingThe place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place. 
    CharacteristicA feature or quality belonging typically to a person, place, or thing and serving to identify them. 
    ThemeAn idea that recurs in or runs throughout a work of art or literature. 
    FictionLiterature in the form of prose, especially novels, that describes imaginary events and people. 
  • Shakespeare Heroes and Villains
    ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare 26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet, and 
    StagecraftThe skill of combining language, effects, stage directions etc. 
    SoliloquyAn act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play. 
    Shakespearean tragedyA five act play in which many of the main characters die by the end; centers on a tragic hero who begins the story as a respected, basically good person but succumbs to evil and therefore his/her doom (usually involving misery and an untimely death). 
    VerseWriting arranged with a metrical rhythm, typically having a rhyme. 
    VillainSomeone with questionable moral judgement. 
    AsideA speech or line only heard by the audience, not the other characters on the stage. 
    ElizabethanDuring the reign of Elizabeth I. 
    JacobeanDuring the reign of James I. 
    ProtagonistThe central character who drives the action forward. 
  • Autobiography & Change
    ComparisonTo look at two or more things together for similarities and differences. 
    AutobiographyAn account of a person's life written by that person. 
    BiographyAn account of a person's life written by another person. 
    TimelineA graphical representation of a period of time, on which important events are marked. 
    TransitionThe process or a period of changing from one thing or place to another. 
    PersonalOf or concerning one's private life, relationships, and emotions. 
    SimilaritySomething that is like or the same as another thing. 
    MemoirWritten account of a specific event in a person's life. 
    Authorial VoiceThe distinct way in which the writer addresses the reader. 
    ReminisceTo reflect/look back on one's memories. 
  • Poetry
    MetaphorWhen one thing is described as another e.g. the crystal water. 
    SimileWhen two things are compared using 'like' or 'as' e.g. eyes like headlights. 
    AlliterationUse of the same consonant sound several times to create effect and draw attention to particular parts of writing e.g. Around the rugged rocks, the ragged rascal ran. 
    RepetitionWhen sounds, words or phrases are spoken or written more than once. 
    RhymeCorrespondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry. 
    StanzaAn arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem. 
    MythA traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining a natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events. 
    CreatureAny large or living thing that can move independently. 
    ImageryWords that create pictures in the readers mind. 
    PoemA piece of writing in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by particular attention to structure, rhythm, and imagery. 

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