Key Words and Meanings - Year 7 Religion & Philosophy
  • What is RP?
    BeliefsThings that people think are true. 
    ReligionThe belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods. 
    AtheistSomeone who believes there is/are no God/gods. 
    PhilosophyThe study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline. 
    OpinionA view or judgement formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge. 
    ObjectivityObjectivity is a noun that means a lack of bias, judgment, or prejudice. Making decisions based on evidence. 
    SubjectivitySubjectivity refers to how someone's judgment is shaped by personal opinions and feelings instead of outside influences. Subjectivity is partially responsible for why one person loves an abstract painting while another person hates it. 
    EthicsMoral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the conducting of an activity. 
    TheistBelief in the existence of a God or gods. 
    AgnosticA person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God. 
  • Arguments for God's Existence
    ChristianityThe religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus Christ, or its beliefs and practices. 
    Cosmological Argument Everything has to come from something. You cannot make something out of nothing. Therefore there must have been a ‘First Cause’ that created the ‘something’ (the universe). That First Cause is God. 
    OriginThe point or place where something begins, arises, or is derived. 
    ConceptAn abstract idea. 
    MiracleAn extraordinary and welcome event that is not explicable by natural or scientific laws and is therefore attributed to a divine agency. 
    Design ArgumentThe argument that the world is too ordered and complicated to have occurred by chance, therefore it must have an intelligent designer, and this designer must be God.  
    Religious ExperienceSome people claim that they have had a religious experience eg, a miracle (a fortuitous event believed to have been caused by divine intervention), a vision, or a particular prayer to God answered. Therefore God exists. 
    Religious ExperienceSome people claim that they have had a religious experience eg, a miracle (a fortuitous event believed to have been caused by divine intervention), a vision, or a particular prayer to God answered. Therefore God exists. 
  • Judaism
    ShabbatThe Jewish holy day, starting at nightfall on Friday and lasting until nightfall on Saturday.  
    PharohAn Egyptian King.  
    SynagogueThe synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also used as a place to study, and often as a community centre as well.  
    JudaismJudaism originated in the Middle East over 3500 years ago Judaism was founded by Moses, although Jews trace their history back to Abraham. Jews believe that there is only one God with whom they have a covenant.  
    TorahThe Torah is the first part of the Jewish Bible. It is the central and most important document of Judaism and has been used by Jews through the ages. The Torah is written in Hebrew, the oldest of Jewish languages.  
    Ner TamidThe everlasting light, it hangs over the Ark.  
    MenorahSeven branched candle stick 
    The SiddurThis is the Jewish prayer book.  
  • Prejudice and Discrimination
    VirtueVirtue, by definition, is the moral excellence of a person. A morally excellent person has a character made-up of virtues valued as good. 
    TemperanceTemperance is defined as moderation or voluntary self-restraint. It is typically described in terms of what an individual voluntarily refrains from doing. This includes restraint from retaliation in the form of non-violence and forgiveness, restraint from 
    StereotypingForming a fixed image in your mind about a person or people you don’t really know because of a characteristic like race or religion.  
    PrejudicePrejudging somebody without really knowing them.  
    DehumanisationThe act of making a human or group of humans seem less valuable than other people.  
    AgeismDiscrimination against young and old people simply because of their age.  
    RacismDiscrimination against people from another country or with different coloured skin.  
    SexismDiscrimination against women or men simply because of their gender 
    DiscriminationTreating somebody differently simply because of their colour, age, sex or some similar reason.  
  • Christianity
    BibleIs the holy book for Christians. The word Bible comes from the Greek word for book.  
    ScriptureThe contents of the Bible are often referred to a scripture which means sacred writings. 
    The Old TestamentContains stories, laws, songs, prophecies and history. This part contains 39 books and it prepares the world for Jesus.  
    The New TestamentContains the stories about the life of Jesus and all teachings and letters from after Jesus was alive.  
    GospelsThe first four books of the New Testament are called the gospels, which means good news and these are about the life of Jesus.  
    ApocryphaThis is another part of the Bible that the Roman Catholics include. Most other Christians do not include this part.  
    FundamentalistsFundamentalists believe that the Bible is the word of God and it is all true.  
    Savior Someone who saves.  
  • Islam
    AllahThe Arabic name for God.  
    QuranThe holy book of Islam 
    Islam’Islam’ can be translated either as ‘way of peace’ or ‘way of submission’. A Muslim, then, is ‘one who finds peace’ or ‘one who submits’.  
    MosqueMuslim place of worship.  
    HajjThe Hajj is a pilgrimage that Muslims make. They make the trip once in their lifetime as it is one of the 5 pillars.  
    ZakahA Muslim has to donate 2 and a half % of their wages each year to those in need. Muslims are encouraged to give more to charity.