Key Words and Meanings - Year 8 Religion & Philosophy
  • Christian Denominations
    TheoryA supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained. 
    MoralStandards of behaviour; principles of right and wrong. 
    ReligionThe belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.  
    FaithComplete trust or confidence in someone or something. 
    Christian A person who has received Christian baptism or is a believer in Christianity. 
    CatholicA member of the Roman Catholic Church. 
    DenominationA recognized autonomous branch of the Christian Church. 
    ProtestantA member or follower of any of the Western Christian Churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church in accordance with the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran Churches. 
    OrthodoxFollowing or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice. 
    AnglicanUsed to describe the people, institutions and churches, as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts developed by the Church of England. 
  • Hinduism
    TrimurtiThe Trimurti (meaning "three forms" of God), also known as the Hindu Trinity, is an iconographic representation of God in Hinduism, which depicts divinity as a three faced figure. 
    ShivaThe One who destroys and then rebuilds.The universe goes through a process of birth, growth, destruction and rebirth. Shiva destroys the universe for it to be reborn.  
    BrahmanThe One who created the world  
    VishnuThe One who protects people from all evil and wrongdoing. It is believed that he has visited the world nine times so far. On his tenth visit – the final visit – the world will come to an end.  
    AtmanTrue essence of life – Atman, the soul, is Brahman trapped in matter.  
    ReincarnationThe atman is continually born into this world lifetime after lifetime (Samsara) 
    KarmaSpiritual impurity due to actions keeps us bound to this world (good and bad)  
    PujaMaking offerings to and decorating the deity images  
    PrasadTaking the divine within your own being through eating of food shared with the deity  
    AhimsaAhimsa is a Sanskrit (an ancient Hindu language) word which means to live by ‘avoiding violence 
  • Buddhism
    MantraA phrase chanted in worship or meditation  
    MandalaA pattern created to represent spiritual reality  
    AnnicaImpermanence, the instability of things  
    SanghaThe Buddhist community  
    PansilThe five precepts or guidelines for Buddhist living  
    SamsaraThe continual round of birth, death and rebirth  
    DukkhaSuffering, which is the nature of human existence in the first Noble Truth  
    BhikkuA Buddhist monk  
    TipitakaThe three collections of sacred Buddhist books  
    BhikkuniA Buddhist nun  
    Bodhi treeThe tree which Siddhartha was sitting when he received enlightenment  
    DhammaThe teachings of the Buddha  
  • Sikhism
    EmblemA thing serving as a symbol of a particular quality or concept.  
    Gurdwara A Sikh place of worship.  
    GuruA Hindu spiritual teacher.  
    KhalsaThe body or company of fully initiated Sikhs, to which devout orthodox Sikhs are ritually admitted at puberty. The Khalsa was founded in 1699 by the last Guru (Gobind Singh). Members show their allegiance by five signs (called the five Ks). 
    Monotheistic The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.  
    Punjab The Punjab also spelled Panjab, land of 'five rivers' is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of South Asia, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India 
    WaheguruThe most common usage of the word "Waheguru" is in the greeting Sikhs use with each other 
    Temple A building devoted to the worship of a god or gods.  
    Sikhism A monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.  
    Guru Nanak Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion.  
  • Christian Role Models
    Boycott Withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.  
    Civil Relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns, as distinct from military or ecclesiastical matters  
    Influence The capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.  
    Segregation The action or state of setting someone or something apart from others.  
    Seclusion The state of being private and away from other people.  
    Prominent Important; famous.  
    ConfrontationA hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.  
    Martin Luther King JrMartin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. 
  • Religious Stories
    SymbolismThe use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 
    SufferingThe state of undergoing pain, distress, or hardship. 
    ArtisticHaving or revealing natural creative skill. 
    InterpretationAn explanation or way of explaining. 
    ImpressionAn idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone, especially one formed without conscious thought or on the basis of little evidence. 
    AbstractExisting in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or concrete existence. 
    MediumA means of doing something. 
    CollaborationWorking together. 
    RepresentationThe description or portrayal of someone or something in a particular way.